Objective Objective To evaluate the biomechanical effects of using a new injectable calcium phosphate cement to consolidate the fixation of osteoporotic intertrochanteric fracture. Method Five matched pairs of human cadaver femora were used to produce the model of intertrochanteric fracture. All fractures were fixed with dynamic hip screws(DHS),and divided into two groups. In the CPC consolidation group of each pair, CPC was used to grout the hip screw and to fill the posteromedial defect. All femora were subjected to biomechanical test. Result Under the loading of 500 N, in the CPC consolidation group, the mean axial stiffness was (691.93±18.90) N/mm and the horizontal shear stiffness was (5553.84±27.47) N/mm. The mean lateral and medial strength was 5.15±0.35 MPa and (4.13±0.24) MPa. The torsion stiffness was 0.41 and the ultimate loading was (3580±286)N. In the control group, the mean axial stiffness was (453.45±19.75) N/mm, the horizontal shear stiffness was (3848.87±22.63) N/mm, the mean lateral and medial strength was (3.12±0.37) MPa and (1.80±0.21) MPa, and, the torsion stiffness was 0.35 and the ultimate loading was (2512±189)N. Consolidation fixation with CPC increased each of the biomechanical efficiency（P<0.05）. Conclusion CPC consolidation of osteoprotic femoral head and the medial defect of intertrochanteric fracture could significantly improve the overall stability and decrease the rate of postoperative complication.
YU Ren, ZHANG Yu-fa, NI Cheng, LU Chun-de, CHENG Jun-qiu, FAN Hong-song. Biomechanical evaluation of an injectable calcium phosphate cement incorporating DHS for osteoporotic intertrochanteric fracture ：An in vitro study[J]. Journal of medical biomechanics,2010,25(1):51-55Copy