慢性非特异性腰痛(nonspecific chronic low back pain, NSCLBP)是一种常见疾病,已经引起了广泛关注,但本病发病机制尚不明确。近年来,借助相关设备研究该病发生发展的生物力学机制越来越受到重视。本文以腰椎核心功能—屈伸运动为重点,综述了国内外关于NSCLBP腰椎屈伸生物力学特征的研究进展,通过对具体研究方法及观察指标的深入探讨及总结展望,发现患者运动学、动力学、表面肌电等参数均存在异常征象,为探索NSCLBP发病机理及本病科学防治开拓了思路。
Nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) is a common condition that has garnered widespread attention, yet its pathogenesis remains unclear. In recent years, the study of the biomechanics underlying the occurrence and progression of this disease, aided by relevant equipment, has become increasingly important. This review focuses on the core function of the lumbar spine - flexion and extension movements - and summarizes the progress made in the research of the biomechanical characteristics of lumbar flexion and extension in NSCLBP both domestically and internationally. Through an in-depth discussion and summary of specific research methods and observation indexes, it was found that patients with NSCLBP exhibit anomalous kinematics, kinetics, surface electromyography records, and other parameters, opening up new avenues for exploring the pathogenesis and scientific prevention and treatment of this condition.