不同年龄段人群行走足底压力特征分析
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内蒙古师范大学 研究生部

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基金项目:

内蒙古师范大学基金项目(2013ZRYB20)


The characteristic Analysis of walking plantar pressure in different age groups
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Affiliation:

1.Sport Science College,Graduate Educational Department,Inner Mongolia Normal University,Hohhot,010000;2.China;3.通讯作者:满喜,Tel:13474839979;4.E-mail:manxi2004@126.com。

Fund Project:

Inner Mongolia Normal University Fund Project (2013ZRYB20)

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    摘要:

    摘要:目的 获取不同年龄段人群正常行走时足底压力随着年龄增长的动力学参数,为设计制作不同年龄段鞋垫和运动鞋提供理论依据,以便最大程度的减小足部发生损伤的风险。方法 使用Footscan测力平板对120名受试者即20-30年龄段男女各15名,30-40年龄段男女各15名,40-50年龄段男女各15名,50-60年龄段男女各15名这四个年龄段男性女性足底压力峰值、压强峰值进行测试。结果 人们的足底压力峰值随着年龄增长不断地变化,大部分呈上升趋势,只有在第一趾骨区域随着年龄的增长压力峰值逐渐减小,第一趾骨区域女性足底压力峰值在逐渐减小;大部分受试者第二和第四拓骨头受力明显高于第一和第五跖骨;50-60年龄段男性第二跖骨压力峰值也明显大于20-50年龄段人群(P<0.05);随着年龄的增长仅仅第一趾骨压力峰值逐渐减小,其余区域均呈现增长现象;年龄段的升高压强峰值有了显著变化,尤其以第二跖骨第三跖骨变化最大,呈上升趋势(p<0.05)。结论 人足底的各个分区压力压强随着年龄增长不是一成不变的,找出每个年龄段的人群足底压力的特点,制定相应的运动鞋才能更好的发挥运动鞋的功能,本研究通过对步行时足底压力的研究,探讨在正常行走时我们的足底压力的分布特点,为运动鞋的制造提供理论依据。

    Abstract:

    Abstract:Objective To obtain the kinetic parameters of the foot plantar pressure in different increasing groups, and provide a theoretical basis for the design about Insoles and sneakers in different groups, In order to minimize the risk of foot injury. Method In Total 120 people,There are 15 males and females in the 20-30 age group, 15 males and females in the 30-40 age group, 15 males and females in the 40-50 age group, and 15 males and females in the 50-60 age group.Using the footscan force plate to test the foot peak pressure. Results The peak of the foot plantar pressure is constantly changing with age,and Most of them are rising.Only the first phalanx area, the peak of the foot plantar pressure is gradually decreasing with age. The peak of the female foot plantar pressure in the first phalanx area is gradually decreasing;Most of the people have significantly higher force on the second and fourth bones than the first and fifth metatarsals;The peak of the second metatarsal pressure in men aged 50-60 was also significantly higher than that in the 20-50 age group (P<0.05).Only the peak pressure of the first phalanx gradually decreases with age, and the rest of the region shows a growth phenomenon;There are a significant change in the peak pressure, especially in the second and third metatarsal,which showed an upward trend (p<0.05).Conclusion The pressure of each part of the human foot is different with age.Find out the characteristics of the foot plantar pressure in people of all ages.It is possible to better design sports shoes and to show the functions of sports shoes.This study explores the distribution characteristics of our plantar pressure during normal walking,and study the foot plantar pressure during walking, It hope provide a theoretical basis for the manufacture of sports shoes.

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  • 收稿日期:2018-12-17
  • 最后修改日期:2019-03-22
  • 录用日期:2019-03-28
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